China-EU or EU-China Sports Diplomacy?

China-EU or EU-China Sports Diplomacy?

 

Earlier this month (December 2017), the team of China Football 8 was invited to participate in the ‘Seminar on Sport Diplomacy’ in Brussels. The seminar was organised by the Directorate-General for Education, Youth, Sport and Culture of the European Commission, as a follow-up to the High-Level Group on sports diplomacy set up in 2015 by Commissioner Tibor Navracsics in order to elaborate political initiatives and recommendations in this field. The group included active and former athletes, academics, think-tank and media representatives. In an interview with the think-tank ‘Sport et Citoyenneté‘, Mr Navracsics indicated that the High-Level Group’s work might lead to more coordinated efforts by the EU Member States to harness the potential of sport for diplomacy and ‘make the EU a stronger global actor.’

On November 2016, the General Secretariat of the Council issued its conclusions on sports diplomacy. Sport is considered ‘a possible tool in supporting intercultural, economic and political cooperation and understanding between nations and cultures’. Moreover, sport is assigned the ability to ‘shape perceptions in order to support reaching broader foreign policy goals’ and promoting values such as ‘fair play, equality, respect for diversity, integrity, discipline, excellence, friendship, tolerance and mutual understanding which bring different people and countries together.’ Projects related to sports diplomacy should be realised through the EU funding programmes in the area of EU External Relations as well as through the Erasmus+ programme.

Against the background of these developments, the big question is of course: what are the target countries? And within the framework of this blog, the obvious question is whether the People’s Republic of China (PRC) could be a target country or even a partner of EU sports diplomacy.

According to Professor Thierry Zintz, the Dean of the Faculty of Sports Sciences of the Université Catholique de Louvain and rapporteur of the High-Level Group, sport is a source of cultural soft power. This definition fits very well with the official statements of Mr Xi Jinping, President of the PRC. On October 2017, Mr Xi Jinping delivered a report at the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China (CPC) where he revealed that China’s political leadership will ‘speed up efforts to build China into a powerful sports nation’. To achieve this goal, the CPC ‘will strengthen people-to-people and cultural exchanges with other countries, giving prominence to Chinese culture while also drawing on other cultures, […] improve our capacity for engaging in international communication so as to tell China’s stories well, present a true, multi-dimensional, and panoramic view of China, and enhance our country’s cultural soft power.’

The concept of soft power has been used and abused in studies about China in recent years. The major problems are the imprecise contextualisation, wording, quantifying and application of this concept. Some argue it is no longer relevant in the context of sport mega-events. Nonetheless, the very vague derivation and interpretation of the concept is also used in the context of the developmental aspirations in Chinese football and the hosting of the 2022 Beijing Winter Olympics and Paralympic Games.

One month after Mr Xi Jinping’s speech at the 19th National Congress of the CPC, Mr Navracsics and Chinese Vice-Premier Mrs Liu Yandong met on the occasion of the 4th EU-China High-Level People-to-People Dialogue in Shanghai. In this context, the topic of sports was discussed for the first time.

However, the question remains whether China is a target of European sports diplomacy, or whether it is perhaps the other way round! The fact is that there are various cooperation opportunities associated with sports, such as in fields of health, governance, economics, education, etc. Sport in general, and football, in particular, have a multi-dimensional impact on human beings: they attract a lot of attention, trigger emotions and create a strong sense of belonging or rejection, have increasing economic weight, and immediate implications on public health. Sport is indeed a promising avenue for engaging in People-to-People dialogue not only on ‘high level’, but also between sportspeople and citizens.

It remains to be seen whether the diplomatic relations between the EU and China in this specific field will lead to mutual influence and exchange, beyond ‘soft-power’ posturing.

Seminar on Sport Diplomacy (1)
Seminar on Sport Diplomacy (2)

Ilker Gündogan

Ilker Gündogan is a PhD candidate at the Ruhr-University Bochum and the ESSCA School of Management. His research focuses on China’s football politics and market creation in the era of Xi Jinping.
Ilker Gündogan

540 Gedanken zu „China-EU or EU-China Sports Diplomacy?

  1. Pingback: cialis price
  2. Pingback: viagra cialis
  3. Pingback: Levitra vs viagra
  4. Pingback: albuterol inhaler
  5. Pingback: cialis online
  6. Pingback: viagra vs cialis
  7. Pingback: cialis 5 mg
  8. Pingback: cialis coupon
  9. Pingback: cialis walmart
  10. Pingback: buy chloroquine
  11. Pingback: cheap viagra
  12. Pingback: viagra generic
  13. Pingback: mens ed pills
  14. Pingback: ed medications
  15. Pingback: gnc ed pills
  16. Pingback: cvs pharmacy
  17. Pingback: Get cialis
  18. Pingback: buy vardenafil
  19. Pingback: vardenafil canada
  20. Pingback: levitra vardenafil
  21. Pingback: online casinos
  22. Pingback: online slots
  23. Pingback: lumigan goodrx
  24. Pingback: payday loans
  25. Pingback: instant loans
  26. Pingback: viagra for sale
  27. Pingback: casino
  28. Pingback: cialis buy
  29. Pingback: casino online
  30. Pingback: free casino games
  31. Pingback: online casinos
  32. Pingback: viagra cost
  33. Pingback: purchase cialis
  34. Pingback: Viagra 50 mg price
  35. Pingback: Viagra 130mg cost
  36. Pingback: Viagra 25mg tablet
  37. Pingback: Viagra 200 mg uk
  38. Pingback: Cialis 60mg canada
  39. Pingback: viagra for sale
  40. Pingback: viagra canada
  41. Pingback: Cialis 80mg cheap
  42. Pingback: Cialis 60mg otc
  43. Pingback: viagra prices
  44. Pingback: abilify 15 mg otc
  45. Pingback: amaryl 4 mg usa
  46. Pingback: cheap arava 10 mg
  47. Pingback: aricept 10 mg uk
  48. Pingback: cialis spain
  49. Pingback: avapro 300mg price
  50. Pingback: viagra 50mg usa
  51. Pingback: mexico cialis
  52. Pingback: buspar 5mg pills
  53. Pingback: cardizem uk
  54. Pingback: viagra usa online
  55. Pingback: ceclor 500mg otc
  56. Pingback: cephalexin cost
  57. Pingback: slot machine
  58. Pingback: slot games
  59. Pingback: free slots
  60. Pingback: slot machine
  61. Pingback: ED Pills
  62. Pingback: cialisorgcom
  63. Pingback: cialisorgcom
  64. Pingback: viagra vs cialis
  65. Pingback: levitra 20mg
  66. Pingback: viagra coupon
  67. Pingback: cialis and alcohol
  68. Pingback: bill gates cbd oil
  69. Pingback: price of viagra
  70. Pingback: buy viagra online
  71. Pingback: viagra twitter
  72. Pingback: teva viagra
  73. Pingback: 100mg viagra
  74. Pingback: viagra 2019
  75. Pingback: cheapest cialis
  76. Pingback: acheter cialis
  77. Pingback: random assignments
  78. Pingback: atorvastatin rx
  79. Pingback: buy essay online
  80. Pingback: buy college essays
  81. Pingback: buy cleocin
  82. Pingback: clomid 50 mg uk
  83. Pingback: cialis free trial
  84. Pingback: Viagra order
  85. Pingback: slipped viagra mom
  86. Pingback: viagra alternative
  87. Pingback: coreg cost
  88. Pingback: cialis from canada
  89. Pingback: cialis
  90. Pingback: cozaar uk
  91. Pingback: crestor purchase
  92. Pingback: thesis printing
  93. Pingback: buy depakote
  94. Pingback: cheap viagra
  95. Pingback: differin generic
  96. Pingback: Order viagra us
  97. Pingback: cialis with prozac
  98. Pingback: doxycycline pills
  99. Pingback: elavil 25 mg cheap
  100. Pingback: generic drugs
  101. Pingback: son takes viagra
  102. Pingback: flomax tablet
  103. Pingback: cheap Doxycyline
  104. Pingback: viagra from canada
  105. Pingback: tadalafil
  106. Pingback: how much is viagra
  107. Pingback: pharmacy online
  108. Pingback: cialis and alcohol
  109. Pingback: imodium usa
  110. Pingback: cialis daily
  111. Pingback: viagra for men
  112. Pingback: cost of imuran
  113. Pingback: lamisil tablet
  114. Pingback: zithromax 500mg
  115. Pingback: lopid 300 mg price
  116. Pingback: lopressor 50mg nz
  117. Pingback: luvox generic
  118. Pingback: ranbaxy viagra
  119. Pingback: aripiprazole high
  120. Pingback: mestinon tablets
  121. Pingback: Altace
  122. Pingback: atorvastatin 00
  123. Pingback: order micardis
  124. Pingback: Erythromycin
  125. Pingback: cheap Plaquenil
  126. Pingback: baclofen bluelight
  127. Pingback: periactin for sale
  128. Pingback: bupropion images
  129. Pingback: buspar interaction
  130. Pingback: is celebrex safe
  131. Pingback: protonix tablets
  132. Pingback: sildenafil cost
  133. Pingback: sildenafil 50 mg
  134. Pingback: reglan price
  135. Pingback: price of bactrim
  136. Pingback: benadryl 50 mg otc
  137. Pingback: buy retin-a cream
  138. Pingback: viagra sister
  139. Pingback: too much viagra
  140. Pingback: revatio vs viagra
  141. Pingback: robaxin 500mg uk
  142. Pingback: seroquel cheap
  143. Pingback: singulair cheap
  144. Pingback: skelaxin for sale
  145. Pingback: viagra discount
  146. Pingback: mail order viagra
  147. Pingback: toprol tablet
  148. Pingback: order vantin 100mg
  149. Pingback: verapamil coupon
  150. Pingback: my explanation
  151. Pingback: zithromax 500mg
  152. Pingback: viagra blue vision
  153. Pingback: sildenafil otc
  154. Pingback: cheap aripiprazole
  155. Pingback: buy pioglitazone
  156. Pingback: atomoxetine price
  157. Pingback: cheap donepezil
  158. Pingback: anastrozole prices
  159. Pingback: dutasteride otc
  160. Pingback: buy cheap viagra
  161. Pingback: clonidinemg cost
  162. Pingback: cefuroxime otc
  163. Pingback: cephalexin uk
  164. Pingback: buy loratadine
  165. Pingback: clozapine usa
  166. Pingback: cialis generic
  167. Pingback: Google
  168. Pingback: fluconazole uk
  169. Pingback: taking amoxicillin
  170. Pingback: phenytoin for sale
  171. Pingback: cymbalta wright
  172. Pingback: generic sildenafil
  173. Pingback: 141genericExare
  174. Pingback: erythromycin cost
  175. Pingback: miqimfqi
  176. Pingback: ckpwvrdt
  177. Pingback: treatments for ed
  178. Pingback: cialis in europe
  179. Pingback: best ed medication
  180. Pingback: cephalexin price
  181. Pingback: viagra amazon
  182. Pingback: lasix 40 mg
  183. Pingback: 335
  184. Pingback: 우리카지노
  185. Pingback: 퍼스트카지노
  186. Pingback: amoxil generic
  187. Pingback: minomycin generic
  188. Pingback: zithromax for sale
  189. Pingback: click here
  190. Pingback: best cbd oil
  191. Pingback: cbd for sale
  192. Pingback: cbd oil for dogs
  193. Pingback: cialis
  194. Pingback: viagra
  195. Pingback: best cbd for dogs
  196. Pingback: sex as exercise
  197. Pingback: azathioprine cost
  198. Pingback: viagra
  199. Pingback: cbd for sale
  200. Pingback: write essay help
  201. Pingback: Gay Porn
  202. Pingback: kratom nerve pain
  203. Pingback: lamotrigine coupon
  204. Pingback: what is fanf fee
  205. Pingback: 샌즈카지노
  206. Pingback: 메리트카지노
  207. Pingback: 코인카지노
  208. Pingback: digoxinmg pills
  209. Pingback: THC Cartridge

Die Kommentare sind geschlossen.

Die Kommentare sind geschlossen.